Diagramming Sentences

Sentence Diagrams

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Sentences from the United States Constitution

Amendment 16: The Congress shall have the power to lay and collect taxes on incomes, from whatever source derived, without apportionment among the several States, and without regard to any census or enumeration.
Lesson 14: In this sentence, whatever is simply an adjective. In a sentence like they can do whatever they want, whatever is an indefinite relative pronoun. It has no definite, expressed antecedent; instead its antecedent is indefinite and unexpressed. In diagramming an indefinite relative pronoun, you place an x in the position of the unexpressed antecedent and draw a broken diagonal from the antecedent to the relative pronoun.
Apologia pro descriptione mea: The two without-phrases are adverbial; they modify the verbs lay and collect, not the noun taxes.
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