Diagramming Sentences

Sentence Diagrams

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Sentences from the United States Constitution

Amendment 9: The enumeration in the Constitution, of certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people.
 Lesson 10: Since other is not the direct object of disparage alone but of both deny and disparage, the line that divides after to, in order to accommodate the compound infinitive, becomes a single line again before the vertical-line indicator of the direct object.
 Apologia pro descriptione mea: I have diagrammed the infinitive phrase as an adverbial modifier of the verb shall be construed; however, one can make a case for its use as a subjective complement. The expression shall not be construed to deny or disparage can be restated as is not a denial or disparagement of without significant change of meaning. A diagram of Amendment 9 with the infinitive used as a subjective complement appears below.
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