Sentence Diagramming

Latin Diagrams

by Eugene R. Moutoux

 

Caveat hospes: Although I taught Latin I-IV (all four years of Latin) at Eastern High School in Louisville with moderate success, I do not consider myself an expert in Latin. If those of you who are experts find errors in any of these sentences, please let me know so that the errors can be corrected.
To see the diagrams of the Sentences 1-10, click here.

1. Haec femina est mater. (subject, linking verb, predicate nominative, demonstrative adjective)

2. Cena erat optima. (predicate adjective)

3. Omnes cibum laudant. (transitive verb, direct object)

4. Habesne fratrem? (unexpressed words, the suffix -ne)

5. Aquam ad villam portabimus. (preposition, prepositional phrase)

6. Nautae sunt filii agricolarum. (possessive case)

7. Milites nostri magna cum audacia pugnabunt. (possessive adjective, attributive adjective, ablative of manner)

8. Mihi pecuniam dedit, quod amicus bonus est. (indirect object, adverb clause)

9. Materiam e silva equis portabant. (ablative of means: adverbial objective)

10. Nonne vidisti agricolas? (nonne)

To see the diagrams of the Sentences 11-20, click here.

11. Num matres et patres sunt mali? (num, compound subject, coordinating conjunction)

12. Valesne, fili mi? (vocative case)

13. Surgite, Romani, et hostes reliquos superate. (imperative mood)

14. Litterae a matre mea scriptae sunt. (passive voice, ablative of agent)

15. Appellabant Ovidium poetam. (predicate accusative)

16. Ovidius vocabatur poeta. (predicate nominative with passive verb)

17. Puellae, filiae mercatoris, libros legent. (appositive)

18. Ille homo pater appellatur qui liberos suos curat. (relative clause)

19. Senex, a quo iuvabamur, multa de periculis maris dixit. (relative clause)

20. "Quis vestrum," inquit, "patriam defendet?" (interrogative pronoun, noun clause, partitive genitive)

To see the diagrams of the Sentences 21-30, click here.

21. Quae aedificia pulchra illo tempore vidistis? (interrogative adjective, ablative of time when)

22. Iter multa milia passuum per montes fecimus. (accusative of extent of space, partitive genitive)

23. "Quam pulchra," scripsit, "sunt templa quae in Graecia vidimus." (noun clause with relative clause)

24. Quis hanc aquam in casam portare potest? (infinitive, complementary infinitive phrase)

25. Dux iussit equites ad hostes proficisci. (subject accusative with infinitive)

26. Servus tuus certe amicior quam filius tuus est. (comparative degree with quam)

27. Vidi plures pueros in viis quam in ludis. (comparative degree with quam)

28. Num omnes sunt boni qui meliores pessimis sunt? (comparative degree, ablative of comparison)

29. Marcus amico suo dissimilis est. (dative. with certain adjectives)

30. Paucis annis ante, milites ad urbem nostram venerant. (ablative of degree of difference)

To see the diagrams of the Sentences 31-40, click here.

31. Quod duces multa milia hostium viderant, monuerunt regem difficile futurum esse tantum exercitum vincere. (infinitive phrase as objective complement)

32. Scio libros optimos fortiores esse gladiis maximis. (indirect statement, ablative of comparison)

33. Imperator dixit viros suos ad insulam quam celerrime navigavisse. (indirect statement, quam with superlative)

34. Illa femina duos filios habet quarum alter magister est, alter nauta. (alter, alter)

35. Nonne novos libros legere amatis? (infinitive phrase as direct object)

36. Multam pecuniam dare est divitias maiores habere. (infinitive phrase as subject and predicate nominative)

37. Regina mercatores malos e regno expellere non dubitavit. (infinitive phrase as adverbial modifier)

38. Creditisne omnes qui current artem currendi intellegere? (relative clause in indirect statement, gerund)

39. Regina superba, quae septem liberos habuit, creddiit se esse melior dea, quae solum duos habuisset. (relative clause in indirect statement, reflexive pronoun)

40. Duo milites praesidio regi missi sunt. (double dative)

To see the diagrams of the Sentences 41-50, click here.

41. Socii in provinciam advenientes statim rogaverunt quid facere debent. (participle, indirect question)

42. Rex noster civibus credere non dubitet. (hortatory subjunctive, dative case with certain  verbs)

43. Cives ad castra ierunt ut auxilium peterent. (purpose clause)

44. Latrones oppida vitant ne videantur. (negative purpose clause)

45. Nuntius ad nos venit qui nos moneret ne in agris laboraremus. (indirect command, relative clause of purpose)

46. Eis imperavit ut se ad montes reciperent. (indirect command)

47. Timeo ne socii nostri non sciant quid facere debeant. (clause of fearing)

48. Cum pater filios suos rogavit cur per vias et agros cucurrissent, tacuerunt. (cum temporal clause, indirect question as objective complement)

49. Quaesivit num soror eius aut mecum aut tecum iret. (indirect question with expletive num)

50. Post proelium vidimus nostros tam defessos esse ut nihil facerent. (result clause)

To see the diagrams of the Sentences 51-60, click here.

51. Fac ut mandatum senatui quam primum declaretur. (ut as expletive)

52. Necesse est ut omnes cives credant Caesarem esse imperatorem optimam. (ut-clause as subject of necesse est)

53. Accidit ut femina senis, quae in vita saepe peregrinos adiuverat, a peregrino adiuta esset. (ut-clause as subject of accidit)

54. Cum deis deabusque gratias agamus, vitam bonam nobis dabunt. (cum causal clause)

55. Ne umquam audiamus te officium quod dei tibi dedissent reliquisse. (negative hortatory subjunctive, relative clause in indirect discourse)

56. Heri Roma fui, hodie Athenis sum. (locative)

57. Procedamus Romam et Athenas ut ruinas notas miremur. ("preposition-less" accusative of place to which)

58. Signo dato, exercitus profectus est. (ablative absolute)

59. Tyrannis interfectis, cives libere declaraverunt vitam libertatis meliorem esse quam vitam servitudinis. (ablative absolute)

60. Ad multa discenda necesse est ut libros multos legas. (gerundive with ad)

To see the diagrams of the Sentences 61-65, click here.

61. Quot homines scientae augendae causa ad patriam nostram veniunt! (gerundive with causa)

62. Suprema officia hominibus optimis petenda sunt. (passive periphrastic)

63. Negas veritatem delendum esse, sed eam delere conaris. (passive periphrastic)

64. Orator clarus vocem meliorem facit loquendo prope mare. (gerund)

65. Horribile visu, fures casam incenderunt. (supine)

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9-12-11