Latin Derivatives
- S -

saccus, sacci, m. - sack, bag

saccate - having a sac (baglike part in a plant or an animal) or the shape of a sac: Freshwater angelfish are saccate for the first few days of their life; during this time, they derive nourishment from the sac and need no additional food. Also: saccated (saccate). [sacculus, sacculi, m. - small bag]

sacer, sacra, sacrum - sacred, holy

consecrate - to make sacred, holy, or venerable: Lincoln said that the men who died at Gettysburg had already consecrated the ground there. Also: consecratedness, consecrater, consecration, consecrative, consecrator, consecratory. [consecro, consecrare, consecravi, consecratus - to consecrate; consecratio, consecrationis, f. - consecration] 

desecrate - to treat something sacred without respect, to profane: An avowed purpose of the invading general was to desecrate every shrine in the land. Also: desecrater, desecration, desecrator. [de (prep. w/ abl.) - from, down from] 

execrable - abominable; detestable; damnable: Of what value is a revolution if the revolutionists are as execrable as the rulers whom they seek to expel? Also: execrableness, execrate (to detest; to curse), execration (abhorrence; curse), execrator. [ex (prep. w/ abl.) - out of, from] 

sacerdotal - having to do with priests or the priesthood: The newly ordained priest gave his parents his sacerdotal blessing. [sacerdotalis, sacerdotale - pertaining to a priest, priestly] 

sacrament - any of several solemn religious acts of the Christian church, e.g., baptism, Eucharist: The Roman Catholic Church recognizes seven sacraments, many Protestant churches only two or three. Also: sacramental (having to do with a sacrament). [sacramentum, sacramenti, n. - that which binds a person; obligation; oath] 

sacrilege - the violation or intentional desecration of something or someone held sacred: It was once considered a sacrilege for women to appear in church with their heads uncovered, wasn't it? Also: sacrilegious, sacrilegiousness. [sacrilegium, sacrilegi, n. - stealing of sacred objects] 

sacristy - room in a church where the sacred vestments and vessels are kept: The priest rushed into the sacristy ten minutes after the wedding was scheduled to begin. Also: sacristan (person in charge of a sacristy). 

sacrosanct - most sacred; very holy: The pious parishioners believed that every word from the lips of their pastor was sacrosanct. Also: sacrosanctity, sacrosanctness. [sacrosanctus, sancrosancta, sacrosanctum - most sacred, inviolable] 

sagax, sagacis - keen, shrewd; quick to perceive with the mind or the senses

sagacious - having or showing an acute mind or judgment: “Unlike you, most people are neither magnanimous nor sagacious,” she said in obvious jest. Also: sagaciousness, sagacity, sage (wise; a wise man). [saga, sagae, f. - wise woman, prophetess; sagacitas, sagacitatis, f. - keenness of mind or senses] 

sagitta, sagittae, f. - arrow

sagittate - shaped like an arrowhead: Not every sagittate stone is an Indian artifact; one must be able to discern signs of human craftsmanship. Also: sagittal (of, pertaining to, or resembling an arrow or arrowhead), Sagittarian (person born under the ninth sign of the zodiac), Sagittarius (constellation between Scorpius and Capricorn; ninth sign of the zodiac), sagittary (a bow-bearing centaur), sagittiform. [sagittarius, sagittaria, sagittarium - archer; sagittifer, sagittifera, sagittiferum - arrow-bearing]

salio, salire, salui, saltus - to leap, jump

assail - 1) to attack physically with vigor or violence; 2) to attack with arguments, criticisms, questions, doubts, abuse: Woefully lacking in personal and professional merit, he managed to get himself elected by assailing his opponent with innuendos. Also: assailable, assailableness, assailant, assailer, assailment, unassailable, unassailableness, unassailing.

salient - 1) standing out from the rest, prominent: Among the salient features of Twain’s Huck Finn is the use of dialect. 2) projecting outward; 3) leaping, jumping. Also: salience, saliency (salience). [saltus, saltus, m. - a leap, leaping]

unassailable - 1) safe from attack: Bill Clinton demonstrated that one does not have to have an unassailable reputation to be elected President. 2) undeniable, indisputable. Also. unassailableness, unassailing.

salto, saltare, saltavi, saltatus - to dance

saltatory - 1) having to do with, characterized by, or adapted for jumping or dancing: Rabbits, frogs, and kangaroos use saltatory locomotion to get from place to place. 2) proceeding by abrupt movements. Also: saltant (dancing, leaping), saltate (to leap; dance), saltation (a leaping), saltational, saltationism (theory that evolution proceeds by abrupt transformations), saltationist, saltatorial (saltatory, 1). [saltatio, saltationis, f. - dance, dancing; saltator, saltatoris, m. - dancer; saltatorius, saltatoria, saltatorium - of or pertaining to dancing; saltatrix, saltatricis, f. - female dancer]

salubris, salubre - healthy; healthful

salubrious - promoting health, healthful: Some people are convinced of the salubrious effects of magnetic therapy and therapeutic touch; skeptics, on the other hand, citing an absence of scientific evidence, invoke coincidence or the placebo effect as possible explanations for alleged cures. Also: salubriousness, salubrity. [salubritas, salubritatis, f. - healthfulness; healthiness] 

salus, salutis, f. - safety, welfare


salutary - conducive to health or to some good purpose; beneficial: The salutary effects of exercise have been well documented. Also: salutariness. [salutaris, salutare - healthful] 

salutation - greeting: Making his way slowly around the table, the president extended warm salutations to each guest. Also: salutational, salutationless, salutatorian (student who gives the welcoming address at a commencement exercise), salutatory (expressing salutations). [saluto, salutare, salutavi, salutatus - to greet; to pay respect to] 

sancio, sancire, sanxi, sanctus - to make sacred; to confirm; to forbid under penalty

sanction - (n.) 1. approval; 2. a provision of a law stating a penalty for noncompliance or a reward for compliance; the penalty or reward; (v.) 1. to approve; 2. to impose a penalty on: From time to time the NCAA sanctions member teams for recruitment violations; such a sanction can mean a reduction of athletic scholarships or exclusion from post-season play. Also: sanctify (to make holy), sanctifiable, sanctifiableness, sanctification (act of making holy), sanctifier, sanctimonious (making a hypocritical show of holiness), sanctimony (pretended holiness), santionable, sanctioner, sanctionless, sanctitude (holiness), sanctity (holiness), sanctuary (a sacred place; the part of a church around the altar). [sanctimonia, sanctimoniae, f. - sanctity; sanctio, sanctionis, f. - a confirmation; declaration of a penalty; sanctitas, sanctitatis, f. - sanctity; sanctitudo, sanctitudinis, f. - sanctity; sanctor, sanctoris, m. - an establisher; sanctus, sancta, sanctum - consecrated, sacred, holy] 

sanguis, sanguinis, m. - blood

consanguinity - blood relationship: Although they suspected that consanguinity did not legally excuse the harboring of criminals, they could not bring themselves to deny lodging to their son or to disclose his whereabouts to the police. Also: consanguine (consanguineous), consanguineal (consanguineous), consanguineous (descended from the same ancestor, related by blood). [consanguineus, consanguinea, consanguineum - related by blood; consanguineus, consanguinei, m. - brother; consanguinea, consanguineae, f. - sister; consanguinitas, consanguinitatis, f. - relationship by blood]

sanguine - 1. naturally cheerful; optimistic: Sanguine types live longer, and they are spared the expense of antidepressant medications. 2. ruddy, having a healthy red color. Also: sanguinariness, sanguinary (bloody; bloodthirsty), sanguineous (bloody; sanguine; bloodthirsty), sanguinity (the quality of being sanguine), sanguinolent (bloody), sanguivorous (feeding on blood). [sanguinans, sanguinantis - bloodthirsty; sanguinarius, sanguinaria, sanguinarium - bloodthirsty; sanguineus, sanguinea, sanguineum - bloody; sanguinolentus, sanguinolenta, sanguinolentum - bloody] 

sapiens, sapientis - wise, judicious

insipid - 1) dull, uninteresting: You may disagree with his politics, but you're wrong in calling him insipid. 2) without much taste: Also: insipidity, insipidness, insipience, insipience (lack of wisdom, foolishness, stupidity). [sapio, sapire, sapivi - to taste (of); to be wise] 

sapient - having or showing wisdom: When its sapient and venerable founder retired, the company took a pronounced turn for the worse. Also: sapience, sapiency (sapience), sapiential (having, providing, or showing wisdom). [sapientia, sapientiae, f. - wisdom, good sense, judiciousness] 

savor - (n.) taste, smell, flavor; (intrans.) to taste or smell (of); (trans.) to appreciate the taste or smell of: He always ate fast, and his wife always told him to slow down and savor the food; nothing ever changed. Also: savoriness, savorless, savory (pleasing in taste). [sapor, saporis, m. - taste] 

sapio, sapire, sapivi - to taste of; to be wise

sapid - 1. having taste or flavor; 2. having an agreeable taste or flavor; 3. pleasing to the mind: The new teacher was lauded for her keen intellect and sapid personality. Also: sapidity, sapidness, sapor (flavor), saporific (producing taste or flavor), saporosity, saporous (having flavor or taste). [sapor, saporis, m. - taste] 

savant - a learned man; scholar: Not everyone who graduates from college is a savant. [sapiens, sapientis - wise, knowing; sapientia, sapientiae, f. - good taste; wisdom]

satio, satiare, satiavi, satiatus - to fill, satisfy

satiate - 1) to feed or supply with more than enough; to surfeit: To be habitually satiated is to invite ennui, an unenviable state to be sure. 2) to feed or satisfy fully. Also: sate (to satiate), satiability, satiable, satiableness, satiation, satiety (the state of satiation). [satietas, satietatis, f. - abundance; satis - enough]

satis (indeclinable) - enough

insatiable - unable to be satisfied: His appetite for science fiction was apparently insatiable: twenty years and two hundred books later, he still looked forward eagerly to the next sci-fi book. Also: insatiability, insatiableness, insatiate (insatiable), insatiateness, satiable, satiability, satiableness, satiate (to supply in excess so as to disgust; to satisfy completely), satiation, satiety (the state of being satisfied). [insatiabilis, insatiabile - unable to be satisfied, insatiable; insatietas, insatietatis, f. - insatiability] 

satur, satura, saturum - full, sated

satire - 1. the use of irony or sarcasm to expose or ridicule folly: Saturday Night Live and Mad TV use ample doses of satire to criticize aspects of American society that the directors consider foolish. 2 - a literary form which uses irony or ridicule to expose or deride folly. Also: satiric (of or pertaining to satire), satirical (satiric), satiricalness, satirist (one who writes satires or uses satire), satirize (to attack with irony), satirizer. [satura, saturae, f. - satire; saturitas, saturitatis, f. - satiety] 

scio, scire, scivi, scitus - to know

prescience - apparent knowledge of things before they take place: Some cases of prescience are attributable to coincidence or chance, others to perspicacity. Also: prescient (having or appearing to have knowledge of things before they happen). [praescio, praescire, praescivi, praescitus - to know beforehand] 

scribo, scribere, scripsi, scriptus - to write

ascribe - to attribute: The astronauts ascribed the success of their mission to all the men and women who had designed, built, launched, and guided their spaceship. Also: ascribable (attributable), ascription (act of ascribing; words that ascribe), ascriptive. [ascribo, ascribere, ascripsi, ascriptus - to add in writing; to enroll; to assign] 

circumscribe - to draw a line around; to mark off the limits of: Angered by the encroachment of his neighbors, the farmer climbed onto his tractor and circumscribed his field with furrows. Also: circumscribable, circumscription (a circumscribing or being circumscribed; a border; a restriction), circumscriptive (circumscribing or circumscribed). [circumscribo, circumscribere, circumscripsi, circumscriptus - to draw a circle or a line around; to limit; to deceive; circumscriptio, circumscriptionis, f. - circumference; outline; deception] 

conscription - 1) the compulsory enlistment into the armed services; the draft: Faced with inevitable conscription, many men viewed voluntary enlistment as the lesser of two evils; in this way, they could choose the military branch that they considered the least undesirable. 2) the act of taking (money, labor, land, etc.) for government use. Also: conscribe, conscript (to draft; to take for government use), conscriptable, conscriptee (one who is conscripted), conscriptional, conscriptionist (one who favors conscription). [conscriptio, conscriptionis, f. - report; written paper; conscribo, conscribere, conscripsi, conscriptus - to write together, enter on a list; to put together in writing, compose] 

inscription - something engraved on a coin or monument or written in a book (a brief dedication or a message in a book given as a gift): Occasionally a book collector will find an inscription by a famous person. Also: inscribe (to engrave or write as an inscription), inscribable, inscribableness, inscriptional (having to do with inscriptions), inscriptionless, inscriptive (inscriptional). [inscriptio, inscriptionis, f. - inscription; inscribo, inscribere, inscripsi, inscriptus - to write in or on] 

nondescript - hard to describe; not easily classified: Her voice had a certain nondescript quality that was neither pleasant nor abrasive, neither exciting nor dull, neither full nor tenuous. [describo, describere, descripsi, descriptus - to copy; to describe] 

postscript - words written after the signature of a letter or added as an afterthought to a book or a speech: She is convinced that the postscripts are the most interesting parts of his letters. [postscribo, postscribere, postscripsi, postscriptus - to write after, add in writing] 

prescript - something set down as a rule; an order: Children are expected to obey the reasonable prescripts of their parents. Also: prescribe (to lay down as a rule), prescribable, prescriber, prescription (the act of prescribing; prescript; a doctor's written direction for medicine), prescriptible (that can be prescribed), prescriptive (that prescribes or is prescribed), prescriptiveness. [praescriptum, praescripti, n. - something written down; praescribo, praescribere, praescripsi, praescriptus - to write before; to prescribe; praescriptio, praescriptionis, f. - title; preface; introduction] 

proscribe - 1) to prohibit; to interdict: One expects a dictator to proscribe the use of shortwave radios, lest the populace become aware of their miserable condition vis-à-vis that of a free people. 2) to put outside the protection of the law; to banish, exile. Also: proscribable, proscriber, proscription (a proscribing or being proscribed; a prohibition), proscriptive (proscribing). [proscribo, proscribere, proscripsi, proscriptus - to make known; to advertise; to confiscate; to outlaw; proscriptio, proscriptionis, f. - advertisement; proscription] 

scribe - a person whose occupation is the physical act of writing: Before the invention of printing in the 15th century, books and manuscripts were copied by scribes, who worked mostly in monasteries in rooms called scriptoria. [scriba, scribae, m. - scribe; clerk] 

superscript - a letter or symbol written, typed, or printed above and to the right of another: One can type superscripts, like exponents and footnote numbers, as quickly with a typewriter as with a computer, but the typewriter superscript is always too large. Also: subscript (a letter or symbol written, typed, or printed below and to the right of another), superscribe (to write or type as a superscript), superscription. [superscribo, superscribere, superscripsi, superscriptus - to write over (above)] 

transcribe - to make a written or typewritten copy of: In the not-too-distant past, before photocopying, it was necessary for scholars to transcribe any written or printed material that they wanted to copy. Also: transcriber, transcript (something transcribed), transcription (the act of transcribing; something transcribed), transcriptional, transcriptionist, transcriptive. [transcribo, transcribere, transcripsi, transcriptus - write over, make a copy of] 

scrupulus, scrupuli, m. - a small piece of sharp stone; uneasiness, anxiety

scrupulous - 1. having a strict regard for what it right; 2. very careful or exact; punctilious; 3. troubled with moral doubts: The young man became so scrupulous that he had to seek professional counseling. Also: scruple (uneasiness about doing something; doubt or hesitation regarding what one ought to do), scrupleless, scrupulosity, scrupulousness, unscrupulous (not concerned about morality; unprincipled). [scrupeus, scrupea, scrupeum - sharp, rough; scruposus, scruposa, scruposum - of sharp stones; rugged; scrupulosus, scrupulosa, scrupulosum - full of sharp stones; rough; scrupus, scrupi, m. - a sharp stone; anxiety, uneasiness] 

scrutor, scrutari, scrutatus sum - to search carefully, examine thoroughly

inscrutable - that cannot be understood even by means of careful investigation; incomprehensible: Instead of trying to answer the central question of theodicy (i.e., how can an all-good and all-powerful God permit physical and moral evil?), some say simply that the mind of God is inscrutable. Also: inscrutability, inscrutableness, scrutable (able to be understood by investigation), scrutator (one who investigates), scrutinize (to examine carefully), scrutinizer, scrutiny (a thorough investigation, careful examination). [scrutator, scrutatoris, m. - an investigator] 

scutum, scuti, n. - shield

escutcheon - 1) a shieldlike surface on which a coat of arms is depicted: Who on his high horse doesn't have a blot or two on his escutcheon? 2) a protective plate around a keyhole. Also: escutcheoned (having a coat of arms; painted or imprinted with a coat of arms) 

sedeo, sedere, sedi, sessum - to sit

assess - 1) to estimate the value of (something) for taxation: Although their house had been assessed for over $100,000, it sold for under $90,000. 2) to estimate the merit, significance, importance of; to evaluate. Also: assessable, assessment, assessor, assessorial, assessorship. [adsideo, adsidere, adsedi, adsessum - to sit near; adsessus, adsessus, m. - sitting near; adsessor, adsessoris, m. - assistant] 

assiduous - working hard, steadily, and attentively; diligent: Even the most assiduous workers make mistakes now and then. So what do you expect from lazy ol' me? Also: assiduity, assiduousness. [adsiduus, adsidua, adsiduum - attending; constant, persistent] 

obsession - a compelling, recurring idea or feeling over which one has little control; idée fixe: Troubled by obsessions from an early age, she had nevertheless lived a relatively normal, productive life. Also: obsess (to haunt; to fill the mind  of), obsessional, obsessive, obsessiveness. [obsideo, obsidere, obsedi, obsessum - to stay; to frequent; to block; obsessio, obsessionis, f. - blockade] 

residual - (adj.) left over after most has been removed; remaining; (n.) remainder; that which is left over at the end of a process: We simply must find a way to dispose safely of the harmful residuals of life in the 20th century. [residuus, residua, residuum - left behind, remaining] 

sedate - (adj.) calm; quiet; unemotional; (v.) to calm by treating with a sedative (medicine that lessens excitement): Is it customary to sedate patients before administering a general anesthetic? Also: sedateness, sedation (the process of sedating). [sedo, sedare, sedavi, sedatus - to soothe, allay] 

sedentary - characterized by much sitting: Some students look forward to finding a sedentary job; others abhor the  thought. [sedentarius, sedentaria, sedentarium - sedentary] 

sediment - matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid: They collected stream water, allowed it to settle, and checked the sediment for traces of gold. Also: sedimental, sedimentary (having the nature of sediment; formed from sediment), sedimentation (the formation of sediment), sedimentous. 

sedition - inciting to discontent or rebellion against the government in power: Convicted of sedition, the three college students were sentenced to thirty years in prison. Also: seditious (having to do with sedition; engaging in sedition), seditiousness. [seditio, seditionis, f. - insurrection, sedition; seditiosus, seditiosa, seditiosum - factious; seditious] 

subside - 1) to grow less; to die down; to let up: The lightening ceased, the rain subsided, the fans returned to their seats, and the game resumed. 2) to sink or fall to the bottom. Also: subsidence (the act or process of subsiding), subsider. [subsido, subsidere, subsedi, subsessum - to settle down; to stay; to lie in wait] 

subsidiary - (adj.) 1) giving aid; auxiliary; 2) secondary; subordinate; (n.) 1) a person or thing that assists; 2) a company that is under the control of another company: For a while, KFC was a subsidiary of Pepsico, which also controlled Taco Bell and Pizza Hut. [subsidiarius, subsidiaria, subsidiarium - reserved, in reserve] 

subsidize - to support with a grant of money: The federal government subsidizes a large number of research projects in colleges and universities all over the country. Also: subsidizable, subsidization (a subsidizing or being subsidized), subsidizer, subsidy (a grant of money). [subsidium, subsidi, n. - military assistance; aid, support] 

supersede - 1) to cause to be dropped from use or set aside; to displace: The computer has superseded the typewriter in most homes and businesses of this country. 2) to take the place of (in office). Also: supersedable, supersedence, superseder. [supersedeo, supersedere, supersedi, supersessum - to preside over; to be above] 

semen, seminis, n. - seed

disseminate - to scatter far and wide; promulgate; broadcast: A corollary to Eric Hoffer's The True Believer might be that the most unreasonable, least demonstrable ideas about religion, race, and nation are the ones most passionately disseminated. Also: disseminative, disseminative, disseminator. [dissimino, disseminare, disseminavi, disseminatus -
to spread abroad, disseminate] 

seminal - 1. of or pertaining to semen; 2. of or pertaining to seed; 3. having possibilities of future development; 4. original and productive: From a pool of potential employees having the requisite knowledge and technical skills, employers usually choose seminal minds over encyclopedic memories. Also: inseminate (to inject semen into), insemination, inseminator, semen (fluid containing male reproductive cells) seminate (to sow; to propagate), semination (a sowing; a propagation), seminiferous (producing seed), seminivorous (eating seeds). [sementis, sementis, f. - sowing, planting; sementivus, sementiva, sementivum - of seed; seminarium, seminari, n. - nursery; seminator, seminatoris, m. - begetter, originator; seminium, semini, n. - a begetting; semino, seminare - to sow] 

semper - always

sempiternal - everlasting; eternal: Desert animals emerge each night from their underground homes to resume their hunt for food in a sempiternal struggle for the preservation of the species. [sempiternus, sempiterna, sempiternum - everlasting] 

senex, senis - old, aged

senescent- growing old; aging: It is said that the senescent Roman Empire lacked the energy to sustain itself. Also: senile (showing physical or mental deterioration as a result of old age), senility. [senectus, senectutis, f. - old age; seneo, senere - to be old; senesco, senescere, senui - to grow old; senilis, senile - of an old man; senium, seni, n. - old age]

senility - mental deterioration that often accompanies old age: It is natural for people in their 50's and 60's to wonder if their transient forgetfulness is indicative of incipient senility. Also: senile. [senilis, senile - of an old man, aged; senile] 

sententia, sententiae, f. - feeling, opinion, motto


sententious - 1) expressing much in a few words; 2) speaking or writing as if one were a judge deciding a case; 3) full of or fond of using maxims or proverbs: Tired of his "words of wisdom," she called him "a sententious old coot" and left the room. Also: sententiosity, sententiousness. [sententiosus, sententiosa, sententiosum - meaningful; pithy] 

sentio, sentire, sensi, sensus - to feel, realize

consensus - 1) general agreement in opinion; majority of opinion: The final arbiter of grammatical correctness in English is said to be the consensus of educated men. But who will decide which men are educated? Also: consensual (made binding by mutual consent), consentaneous (agreeing; unanimous), consentaneity, consentaneousness, consentience (concurrence), consentient (agreeing). [consensio, consensionis, f. - agreement, consent; consensus, consensus, m. - agreement, unanimity; consentaneus, consentanea, consentaneum - agreeing; suitable; consentio, consentire, consensi, consensus - to agree]

presentiment - a feeling that something is about to happen; a sense of approaching misfortune: Most presentiments do not come to pass; we hear only about the few that, by coincidence, do. [praesentio, praesentire, preasensi, praesensus - to feel beforehand] 

sensory - of or pertaining to the senses or sensation. The eyes, ears, nose, and mouth are sensory organs. Also: sensorial. 

sensual - 1) having to do with bodily or sexual pleasures; 2) preoccupied with pleasures of the senses. Careless gratification of sensual desires can have unpleasant consequences. Also: sensualism (sensuality; the belief that sensual pleasures constitute life's greatest good), sensualist (one who practices sensualism), sensualistic, sensuality (excessive indulgenge in sensual pleasures), sensualness. [sensus, sensus, m. - sense; feeling; perception] 

sensuous - 1) derived from or appealing to the senses: When one's body is covered with poison ivy, scarcely anything compares to the sensuous delight of a hot bath. 2) susceptible to the pleasures of the senses. Also: sensuosity, sensuousness. [sensus, cf. sensual] 

sentient - having or capable of feeling (sense perception): Some people are more aware than others of the sentient nature of animals. Also: sentience (capacity for sense perception; consciousness), sensiency, insentient (without sentience; unconscious), insentience, insensible (insentient), insensibility. [sensibilis, sensibile - able to be perceived by the senses] 

sepulchrum, supulchri, n. - tomb

sepulcher - tomb, burial place: The large, ancient sepulchers along the Appian Way, which were constructed by Roman patricians so that they might be seen and admired by all passers-by, have become unsightly ruins devoid of names. Also: sepulchral (of or pertaining to a tomb or to burial), sepulture (burial). [sepulcralis, sepulcrale - of a tomb; sepultura, sepulturae, f. - burial, funeral]

sequor, sequi, secutus - to follow, attend

executrix - a woman named in a will to carry out the provisions of the will: The elderly couple named their eldest daughter as executrix of their will. Also: execute, executable, execution, executional, executioner, executive, executiveness, executor, executorial, executorship, executory. [exsecutio, exsecutionis, f. - accomplishment; exsequiae, exsequiarum, f. - funeral procession; exsequialis, exsequiale - belong to a funeral procession; exsequor, exsequi, exsecutus - to follow (a corpse) to the grave; to carry out, execute; sequax, sequacis - following, attending]

serpens, serpentis, f. - snake

serpentine - 1) resembling the form or movement of a snake; 2) winding: During their stay in San Francisco, many tourists make it a point to see the famous serpentine section of Lombard Street. 3) cunning, treacherous. Also: serpent, serpentarium (place where snakes are kept for exhibition).

servo, servare, servavi, servatus - to save, guard

conservative - tending to keep things as they are, to oppose change: In American politics, Republicans are generally more conservative than Democrats. Also: conservatism, conservativeness. [conservo, conservare, conservavi, conservatus - to keep (safe), preserve; conservatio, conservationis, f. - preservation] 

conservatory - a school or academy of music or art: Guenther Schuler of the New England Conservatory of Music was  in large measure responsible for the revival of ragtime music in the United States. [cf. conservative] 

observatory - 1) a building for the scientific observation of nature; 2) a building equipped with a telescope for observing the stars and planets: Having been repaired in space by astronauts in December of 1993, the Hubble Space Telescope is now capable of seeing the universe more clearly than the largest telescope on earth, the 200-inch Hale reflector of the Palomar Observatory in California. [observo, observare, observavi, observatus - to observe, watch] 

servus, servi, m. (serva, servae, f.) - slave

serf - a servant whose servitude is attached to an estate rather than to a person: Most feudal masters gave their serfs a small house, some adjoining land, and a few animals. In return the serfs had to work on the master's land. Also: serfdom. 

servile - like or characteristic of a slave: The proscription of servile work on Sunday seems to have gone the way of the condemnation of lending money at interest, called usury in the Middle Ages. Also: servileness, servility (attitude or behavior fit for a slave). [servilis, servile - of a slave, servile] 

servitor - one who waits upon or serves another; attendant: In the cities along the French Riviera, as in popular resorts everywhere, the best hotels are occupied by the wealthy and their servitors. [servio, servire, servivi, servitus - to serve; to be a servant] 

servitude - 1) slavery; 2) forced labor as a punishment: In days of yore it was common for criminals to be sentenced to a number of years of servitude; today we sentence thieves, drug dealers, and rapists to a room with a TV set. [servitudo, servitudinis, f. - servitude, slavery] 

subservient - 1) useful in helping along a purpose, action, etc.: In a democracy, the politically empowered are supposed to be aware of and subservient to the needs of the people. 2) slavishly polite and obedient; obsequious; 3) subordinate (to). Also: subserve (to be useful in helping along a purpose, action, etc.), subservience (a being of use in helping along a purpose, action, etc.; slavish politeness and obedience), subserviency. [subservio, subservire, subservivi, subservitus - to aid; to comply with] 

sextus, sexta, sextum - sixth

sextant - instrument used by navigators to measure the altitude of celestial bodies in order to determine longitude and latitude: The use of the sextant has been replaced by a more accurate method for determining location: the application of the Doppler effect to radio signals transmitted by satellites. [sextans, sextantis, m. - a sixth part]

sicco, siccare, siccavi, siccatus - to dry, dry up, make dry

desiccate - (tr.) 1) to dry thoroughly; 2) to preserve food by drying: Before leaving for four days of backpacking in the mountains, they desiccated apricots, peaches, bananas, and apples. (intr.) 3) to become thoroughly dry. Also: desiccant (a drying agent), desiccation, desiccator (an apparatus for drying food). [siccitas, siccitatis, f. - dryness; siccus, sicca, siccum - dry]

sidus, sideris, n. - a group of stars, constellation

sidereal - determined by or pertaining to the stars: For star lovers, there is nothing comparable to the sidereal splendor visible from a mountain top on a clear night. [sidereus, siderea, sidereum - of the stars]

signum, signi, n. - sign, signal; military standard

assignation - 1) an appointment, especially a clandestine meeting of lovers; rendezvous: Only the lovers knew the time and place of the assignation. 2) an assigning or being assigned. [adsignatio, adsignationis, f. - assigning, assignment] 

consign - to hand over; to deliver; to entrust: The aging mother had been consigned to a nursing home, where she died a few months later. Also: consignable, consignation, consigner, consignment (a handing over of goods to a dealer for sale, with payment to follow the sale), consignee (the dealer to whom something is consigned), consignor (the person who consigns something to a dealer). [consigno, consignare, consignavi, consignatus - to set a seal to; to certify; to record] 

countersign - to authenticate by an additional signature; to sign (a document already signed by another) as a confirmation: The bank would not lend the money to the young couple unless the promissory note was countersigned by one of their parents. Also: countersignature. [contra (prep. w/ acc.) - against; signo, signare, signavi, signatus - to designate with a mark or seal] 

signal (adj.) - beyond the ordinary; remarkable: With signal speed she flew down the track and finished five meters in front of the next runner. 

signet - 1) seal; 2) impression made by a seal: Although we did not know it at the time, the grim reaper had passed by and left the signet of death upon her. 

silva, silvae, f. - woods, forest

sylvan - 1) of or characteristic of the woods; 2) living or found in the woods: The house had a beautiful interior, and its sylvan setting made it all the more attractive. [silvanus, silvana, silvanum - pertaining to a woods] 

sylvatic - 1) of, belonging to, or found in the woods; 2) affecting the animals in the woods: Sylvatic plague nearly wiped out two groups of monkeys. [silvaticus, silvatica, silvaticum - of woods] 

simia, simiae, f. - ape; monkey

simian - 1. of, pertaining to, or characteristic of an ape or a monkey: A lemur has a simian body and tail, but its face resembles that of a fox. 

similis, silile - like, similar (to)

assimilate - to absorb; to digest, literally and figuratively; to incorporate: The great American experiment involves the attempt of a single society to assimilate a vast number of immigrants from all around the world. Also: assimilable, assimilability, assimilation, assimilationism (the policy of encouraging the assimilation of peoples of all nations and ethnic backgrounds), assimilationist, assimilative, assimilativeness, assimilator, assimilatory. [adsimilo, adsimilare, adsimilavi, adsimilatus - to make like, copy, imitate; adsimilis, adsimile - like, similar (to)] 

similitude - 1) likeness; resemblance; 2) comparison: He talks in similitudes, but he doesn't yet know the difference between "like" and "as." [similitudo, similitudinis, f. - likeness, resemblance] 

simile - a figure of speech in which one thing is compared to something different by the use of "like" or "as": To say that he is (or moves or eats) like his brother is not to create a simile; in a simile, he would be said to move like a turtle or to eat like a horse. 

simulate - 1) to give a false appearance of; feign; 2) to act like; look like: Simulating a twig, the praying mantis snatches unsuspecting insects. Also: simulation (pretense; a simulated resemblance), simulative, simulator, simulant (simulating; simulator). [simulo (variant form of similo), simulare, simulavi, simulatus - to make like, cause to resemble; simulatio, simulationis, f. - a feigning, pretense] 

verisimilitude - the appearance of being true: Although fairy tales contain much material that is highly fanciful, they must nevertheless have a degree of verisimilitude in order to attract and hold the interest of readers. Also: verisimilar (appearing to be true). [verisimilitudo, verisimilitudinis, f. - probability] 

simul - at the same time

simultaneity - the quality or fact of occurring at the same time; simultaneousness: The simultaneity of the rapturous fireworks display and (unknown to him until hours later) his mother's death left a mark of ambivalence on subsequent moments of ecstasy. 

sine (prep. with abl.) - without

sinecure - any office providing an income but requiring little or no work: The only work he ever did in his life was to accumulate sinecures. [cura, curae, f. - care, concern] 

sine qua non - an indispensable condition, essential qualification: Attentiveness in class is a sine qua non for success in school. 

sinister, sinistra, sinistrum - left; perverse; adverse

sinister - 1) evil; wicked: She was the victim of a sinister plot to separate her from her millions. 2) threatening. 

sinistral - 1) pertaining to the left side; 2) left-handed: There is no good reason to think that sinistral individuals are particularly sinister, just as it makes no sense to assume that dextral individuals are particularly dexterous. Also: sinistrality (left-handedness). 

sinuosus, sinuosa, sinuosum - full of curves, folds, or windings

sinuous - having many curves or bends; winding: In the Rockies, it may take an hour or more to reach a destination that is less than thirty miles away, because mountain roads are often steep and sinuous. Also: sinuosity, sinuousness, sinus (a bend, curve). [sinuo, sinuare, sinuavi, sinuatus - to curve, bend, wind; sinus, sinus, m. - a curve, fold]

socius, soci, m. - ally, comrade

asocial - not social; characterized by avoidance of social contact: People with asocial behavior don't make good club members. [socialis, sociale - allied; conjugal; social] 

socialism - ownership of the means of production by society instead of by private individuals, with all members of society sharing in the work and products: Socialism is an economic system, not a political one; it is properly contrasted with capitalism, not with democracy. Also: socialist, socialistic. [socialis, cf. asocial] 

sociology - the study of the development and problems of people living in social groups; the science of society: Sociology examines how people function in families, in schools, in churches, in clubs, in sports, in all areas of society. Also: sociological, sociologist. 

sociopath - a mentally ill person who lacks moral responsibility and behaves in an aggressively antisocial manner: Dragging a bundle of books behind him as he entered the house, precocious Jason was overheard to say that all teachers are sociopaths. Also: sociopathic. 

sol, solis, m. - sun

solarium - a glassed-in room or porch where people can sit or lie in the sun: To be able to use their new solarium after sunset, they will have shades installed. [solaris, solare - pertaining to the sun, solar] 

solstice - either of the two times of the year when the sun is farthest removed from a position directly above the equator: In the Northern Hemisphere, the summer solstice is on or near June 21, while the winter solstice is on or near December 21; these days are the longest and shortest of the year, respectively. [solstitium, solstiti, n. - solstice] 

sollemnis, sollemne - annual; sacred, festive, religious; customary

solemnity - 1. impressiveness, gravity, seriousness; 2. (often plural: solemnities) a serious, formal observance or ceremony): The solemnities began with a formal procession into the cathedral. Also: solemn (serious; sacred), solemnify (to make solemn), solemnize (to observe with ceremonies), solemnization, solemnizer. [solemne, solemnis, n. - a religious ceremony, feast] 

sollicito, sollicitare, sollicitavi, sollicitatus - to disturb, disquiet

insouciant - free from worry or anxiety, carefree: In the fairy tale "Hans in Luck," the insouciant Hans agrees to one disadvantageous exchange after another, thinking all the while what a lucky person he is. Also: insouciance. [sollicitatio, sollicitationis, f. - a vaxation; an instigation; sollicitudo, sollicitudinis, f. - uneasiness, anxiety; sollicitus, sollicita, sollicitum - agitated, disturbed]

sollicitudo, sollicitudinis, f. - uneasiness, care, anxiety

solicitude - care, concern, anxiety: Mother Teresa’s solicitude for the poor of India was brought to the attention of people around the world. Also: solicitous, solicitudinous. [sollicito, sollicitare, sollicitavi, sollicitatus - to move, shake, agitate, disquiet; sollicitus, sollicita, sollicitum - thoroughly moved, troubled, disturbed]

solus, sola, solum - only, alone

soliloquy - speech made by an actor or actress when he or she is alone on the stage: Authors use the soliloquy in order to disclose a character's thoughts to the audience but not to the other characters in the play. Also: soliloquist (one who soliloquizes), soliloquize (to talk to oneself; deliver a soliloquy). [loquor, loqui, locutus sum - to speak, talk] 

solipsism - the theory that only the self is real or that only the self is a valid object of knowledge: One cannot refute solipsism as a theory, but it makes practical sense to reject it. Also: solipsist (a believer in solipsism), solipsistic (of or relating to solipsism). [ipse, ipsa, ipsum - self] 

solitude - 1) a being alone: Hermits live a life of solitude, with little or no contact with other human beings. 2) a lonely place. [solitudo, solitudinis, f. - loneliness; solitude] 

sullen - 1) silent and withdrawn because of bad humor: About all one can do with a chronically sullen disposition is become an unhappy hermit. 2) gloomy; dismal. Also: sullenness. 

solvo, solvere, solvi, solutus - to loosen, pay

absolve - to declare free from guilt or sin: According to the Chandler Act of 1938, a person, by declaring bankruptcy and fulfilling certain conditions, may be absolved of unpaid debts and given a new start. Also: absolution, absolvable, absolvent (alsolving), absolver. [absolvo, absolvere, absolvi, absolutus - to set free; to acquit; absolutio, absolutionis, f. - acquittal] 

dissolute - shamelessly immoral; depraved, profligate; corrupted by overindulgence in pleasure: According to the Old Testament, God rained fire and brimstone upon the dissolute people of Sodom and Gomorah, killing all but Lot and his wife. Also: dissoluteness. [dissolvo, dissolvere, dissolvi, dissolutus - to break up; to abolish; to release; to explain; dissolutus, dissoluta, dissolutum - loose; lax; dissolute] 

indissoluble - firm, lasting, permanent; unable to be dissolved or undone: Some people consider the bond of marriage to be indissoluble. Also: indissolubility, indissolubleness, dissoluble (able to be dissolved or undone), dissolubility, dissolubleness. [indissolubilis, indissolubile - unable to be separated, dissolved, or destroyed; dissolubilis, dissolubile - able to be separated, dissolved, or destroyed] 

insoluble - 1) unable to be dissolved or merged with a liquid: Oil is insoluble in water; in addition, most oils are lighter than water, which means that they float. 2) unable to be solved. Also: insolubility, insolubilize (to make insoluble), insolubilization, insolubleness, soluble, solubility, solubilize (to make soluble), solubilization, solubleness. 

insolvent - unable to pay their debts; bankrupt. Construction of the new subdivision has been suspended, because the contractor has become insolvent. Also: insolvency. 

irresolute - uncertain how to act, wavering, indecisive, vacillating: Irresolute when the offer arrived, he realized later what an excellent opportunity he had allowed to slip through his fingers. Also: irresoluteness, irresolution (indecisiveness, vacillation, irresoluteness). [resolvo, resolvere, resolvi, resolutus - to release; to cancel; to weaken; to reveal] 

resolute - determined; having a fixed purpose; firm in one's resolve: A resolute attitude is indispensable for success in cross country. Also: resoluteness, resolution. [resolvo, cf. irresolute] 

sonorus, sonora, sonorum - noisy

sonorous - 1) producing or capable of producing sound of a deep, resonant quality; 2) full, loud, deep, rich (said of sound): No other musical instrument can produce sounds that rival the sonorous tones of a large pipe organ. Also: sonorant (a voiced sound less sonorous than a vowel, such as l, m, and w), sonority, sonorousness. [sono, sonare, sonui, sonitus - make a sound; sonor, sonoris, m. - noise, sound; sonus, soni, m. - noise, sound]

sonus, soni, m. - sound, noise

dissonance - clashing, inharmonious sound; discord: Criticized by the director for contributing more than his share to the dissonance in the band's rendition of "The Star Spangled Banner," young Oliver was heard to say sotto voce that real musicians like Stravinsky and Schönberg would have appreciated his efforts. Also: dissonant. [dissonus, dissona, dissunum - dissonant, discordant] 

sordidus, sordida, sordidum - dirty

sordid - 1. mean, morally base. 2. dirty, filthy, squalid: If people in mansions and people in sordid housing projects ever truly became friends, surely the latter residences would disappear. Also: sordidness. [sordeo, sordere - to be dirty; sordes, sordis, f. - dirt; sordesco, sordescere - to get dirty; sordidatus, sordidata, sordidatum - wearing dirty clothes] 

soror, sororis, f. - sister

sororal - of or pertaining to a sister: He had an uncommon dependence on his sister, and she, for her part, never missed a chance to fill his ear with sororal advice. Also: sorority.

spargo, spargere, sparsi, sparsus - to scatter, strew

disperse - (trans.) to drive or scatter in various directions; (intrans.) to move apart in different directions: Only when the police arrived in large numbers did the hundreds of fans, who by this time had torn down the visitors' goal and removed large patches of turf from the field, disperse. Also: dispersant (something that disperses), dispersibility, dispersible, dispersion, dispersive, dispersiveness. [dispergo, dispergere, dispersi, dispersus - to scatter] 

sparse - spread thinly; not dense; meager, scanty: The athletic director announced that the university was forced to raise football ticket prices because of sparse attendance at home games. Also: sparseness, sparsity.

spatior, spatiari, spatiatus sum - to walk about

expatiate - to expand or enlarge in speaking or writing (with upon): Unable to expatiate upon the announced theme, John digressed in order to achieve the required number of words. Also: expatiation, expatiator. [exspatior, exspatiari, exspatiatus sum - to deviate from the course, to wander] 

species, speciei, f. - appearance

specious - seemingly sound or logical, but not actually so: Specious logic is the handmaid of uncontrolled emotion. Also: speciosity, speciousness. [speciosus, speciosa, speciosum - beautiful, splendid; pretended, specious] 

spectrum, spectri, n. - appearance; apparition

specter - apparition; ghost: At the beginning of the play, Hamlet is visited by the specter of his deceased father. 

spero, sperare, speravi, speratus - to hope

despair - (v.) to lose hope: As long as there is life, there is hope; to despair utterly is to give up on life. (n.) loss of hope. [despero, desperare, desperavi, desperatus - to have no hope, give up, despair] 

spiro, spirare, spiravi, spiratus - to breathe

aspirant - a person who is ambitious for a position or seeks an honor, etc.: Cheerleader tryouts were scheduled for Saturday at 9 a.m., and all aspirants were asked to arrive at least 15 minutes early. Also: aspiration (a strong desire or ambition), aspirational, aspire (to seek to become), aspirer. [aspiro, aspirare, aspiravi, aspiratus - to breathe on; to assist; to strive for; aspiratio, aspirationis, f. - breathing on; rough breathing] 

conspire - 1) to plan secretly with others to do something criminal: Robespierre's fellow conspirators conspired against him and brought about his arrest and execution. 2) to work together or to contribute jointly. Also: conspiracy (a working together secretly against a government or a public official), conspirative, conspirator, conspiratorial, conspiratory. [conspiro, conspirare, conspiravi, conspiratus - to breathe together; to agree; to form a plot; conspiratio, conspirationis, f. - agreement; plot] 

respiration - breathing: When her respiration became labored, we knew death was near. Also: respirational, respirator, respiratory, respire (to breathe; to inhale and exhale). [respiro, respirare, respiravi, respiratus - to breathe out; to take a breath; respiratio, respirationis, f. - taking breath; breathing out] 

transpire - to take place; happen: They insisted on knowing all that had transpired during their absence. [trans (prep. w/ acc.) - across] 

spolio, spoliare, spoliavi, spoliatus - to rob, plunder; to strip, uncover, unclothe

despoil - to rob, plunder; to strip of possessions: At the end of the Thirty Years War, Germany found itself despoiled and severely depopulated. Also: despoiler, despoilment, despoliation. [spoliatio, spoliationis, f. - a plundering, robbing; spoliator, spoliatoris, m. - plunderer, robber; spoliatrix, spoliatricis, f. - female plunderer; spolium, spoli, n. - skin, hide]

spoliation - 1) a plundering: Rape, murder, and spoliation by undisciplined troops were apparently commonplace in the Thirty Years War. 2) a damaging, spoiling. Also: despoil (to rob, plunder), despoiler, despoilment, despoliation, spoliate (to plunder, rob, despoil), spoliator. [spoliatio, spoliationis, f. - a robbing, plundering, stripping; spoliator, spoliatoris, m. - robber, plunderer; spolium, spoli, n. - hide or skin stripped from an animal; weapons stripped from a man; plunder taken from an enemy]

spondeo, spondere, spopondi, sponsus - to promise

despondent - profoundly dejected or discouraged: Although envied by the townspeople for his riches and his grace, Edwin Arlington Robinson's Richard Cory, despondent, "went home and put a bullet through his head." Also: despond (to be depressed, lose heart), despondence, despondency (despondence). [despondeo, despondere, despondi, desponsus - to promise, pledge; w/ animos - to lose heart] 

sponte - freely, willingly

spontaneity - the quality or fact of coming from a natural tendency or desire, without effort or planning: The applause was moderate at best and devoid of spontaneity. Also: spontaneous, spontaneousness.

stagno, stagnare, stagnavi, stagnatus - (of water) to form a pool, stagnate; to overflow

stagnant - 1. not flowing; 2. stale or foul from standing: Most animals seem to be able to drink stagnant water with impunity; most humans cannot. Also: stagnancy, stagnate (to cease to flow; to be or become foul from standing), stagnation. [stagnum, stagni, n. - standing water] 

statuo, statuere, statui, statutus - to set up, erect; to establish, determine

constituent - 1) a necessary part; 2) any voter represented by a particular elected official: Congressmen must be aware of the needs and concerns of their constituents if they hope to be reelected. Also: constituency (the voters represented by a particular elected official). [constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutus - to set up, decide; to determine] 

statute - a formally established rule; an enacted and formally recorded law: Our agency is bound by the statutes of this community and can therefore be of no assistance to you at this time. Also: statutable (legally punishable; permitted by statute), statutory (having to do with statutes; declared by statute to be such). 

statutory - 1) of, pertaining to, or having the nature of a statute; 2) prescribed or authorized by statute; 3) (of an offense) legally punishable: Statutory rape is defined as sexual intercourse with a substantially younger person who is under an age specified by law. Also: statutable (legally punishable; permitted by statute), statute (a law enacted by the legislature; permanent rule of an organization).

stella, stellae, f. - star

stellar - 1) of, pertaining to, or like a star or stars; 2) outstanding: The teacher praised Matthew for his stellar accomplishments in the Foreign Language Festival. 3) principal, most important. 

stellate - star-shaped: At night the amusement park was a thing of beauty, with its circular, stellate, and various other configurations of multi-colored lights, some moving, some standing still, delighting the eyes of young and old. Also: stellated (stellate), stelliferous (abounding with stars), stelliform (star-shaped). [stellatus, stellata, stellatum - set with stars; starry; stellifer, steliffera, stelliferum - star-bearing; starry; forma, formae, f. - shape] 

interstellar - between or among the stars: Unless a way is found to extend man's life far beyond its present length, interstellar travel by humans will continue to be impossible. [inter (prep. w/ acc.) - among, between] 

stipendium, stipendi, n. - 1) a tax, tribute; 2) pay, salary

stipend - 1) salary: For his services to the state, he was awarded an annual stipend of $80,000. 2) a scholarship or fellowship. Also: stipendiary (adj., having to do with a stipend; receiving a stipend, paying a stipend; n., a person who receives a stipend). [stipendiarius, stipendiaria, stipendiarium - taxable]

sto, stare, steti, status - to stand

stately - dignified; imposing: He reminded everyone of Lincoln: tall, bearded, stately, irreproachable. Also: stateliness. 

statesmanship - skill in managing public (especially national and international) affairs: Mr. Carter now enjoys more of a reputation for statesmanship than he did when he was president. Also: statesman, statesmanlike. 

stature - 1) the height of a person; 2) physical, mental, or moral level of attainment: Popular perception of the moral stature of celebrities may have less to do with reality than with appearance. [statura, staturae, f. - stature, height]

status quo - the way things are at the present time: In general, the poor want things to change societally and economically, while the wealthy tend to be satisfied with the status quo. 

substantial - 1) real, not imaginary; 2) strong; 3) large, ample: The aging industrialist confided to the mayor that he intended to leave a substantial part of his fortune to the city. Also: insubstantial (not real; flimsy), insubstantiality, substantiality, substantialness, unsubstantial (insubstantial). 

substantiate - 1) to give substance to; 2) to show to be true by giving evidence; confirm: The commander had been unable to substantiate the report that the enemy was prepared to surrender. Also: substantiatable, substantiation (a substantiating or being substantiated), substantiative (serving to substantiate), substantiator, unsubstantiated. [substantia, substantiae, f. - substance; property; wealth; substo, substare - to stand firm] 

substantive - (adj.) 1) of considerable amount or substance: Her report was praised as substantive and insightful. 2) real; actual; (n.) a noun or any word or words functioning as a noun. Also: substantival (having to do with a substantive or substantives). 

transubstantiation - 1) the changing of one substance into another; 2) in the Roman Catholic Eucharist, the changing of bread and wine into the body and blood of Christ: The doctrine of transubstantiation was defined by the Council of Trent in the 16th Century. Also: transubstantiate, transubstantial. [trans (prep. w/ acc.) - across; substantia, cf. substantiate] 

stolidus, stolida, stolidum - dull, stupid

stolid - not easily moved emotionally; unemotional, impassive: Theirs was a stolid existence, in which neither joy nor sorrow readily found abode, let alone expression. Also: stolidity. 

strepito, strepitare - to be noisy; to clatter, rattle

strepitous - noisy: Many older people would characterize much popular music as strepitous, period. Also: strepitant (strepitous). [strepitus, strepitus, m. - a loud noise, clash, rattle; strepo, strepere, strepui - to make a noise; to clatter, rattle]

strideo, stridere - to make a harsh noise; to make a shrill sound; to creak

strident - 1. making a harsh noise; 2. having a shrill quality: The strident, almost incessant cries of a multitude of male peacocks hastened my departure from the zoo. Also: stridency. [strido, stridere - cf. strideo; stridor, stridoris, m. - a harsh noise; a shrill or creaking sound; stridulus, stridula, stridulum - creaking; grating] 

stringo, stringere, strinxi, strictus - to draw tight, bind; to strip off, clip; to touch lightly

astringent - (adj.) 1) constricting or contracting; 2) harsh, caustic; 3) stern, severe. (n.) substance that constricts the canals or tissues of the body: Astringents have been used to reduce swelling in the mucous membranes of inflamed alimentary, nasal, and urinary passages. Also: astringe (to compress, constrict), astringency.

stultitia, stultitiae, f. - foolishness, silliness

stultify - 1) to cause to appear foolish; 2) to render futile, worthless, or ineffectual: In the presidential debates of 2000, the condescending sighs and gestures of the Democratic candidate, Al Gore, stultified his superior knowledge and experience. Also: stultification, stultifier. [stultus, stulta, stultum - foolish, silly, stupid]

suavis, suave - sweet, delightful, pleasant, agreeable

assuage - 1) to make milder, relieve (pain, sorrow): Time assuages grief. 2) to satisfy, relieve (hunger, thirst); 3) to calm (passion, fear). Also: assuager, assuagement. [suavitas, suavitatis, f. - sweetness, pleasantness]

suave - smooth, agreeable, polite: Trying to be suave, the poor fellow managed only to evoke the ridicule of his friends. Also: suaveness, suavity. [suavitas, suavitatis, f. - sweetness, pleasantness, agreeableness; suavitudo, suavitudinis, f. - sweetness, pleasantness] 

suborno, subornare, subornavi, subornatus - to furnish, supply; to incite secretly

suborn - to bribe or otherwise illegally induce a person to commit a crime: The fact that the defendant had been suborned seemed to have little effect on the jury, which took less than an hour to find him guilty. Also: subornation, subornative, suborner. [sub (prep. w/ acc. and abl.) - under; orno, ornare, ornavi, ornatus - to furnish, supply; to decorate]

subsequor, subsequi, subsecutus sum - to follow after, succeed

subsequent - following in time: Her first poem brought a polite rejection letter as did scores of subsequent poems; then one day a letter arrived that caused all frustration to vanish instantly: an acceptance letter from Harper’s. Also: subsequence. [sub (prep. w/ acc. & abl.) - under; sequor, sequi, secutus sum - to follow]

subsidium, subsidi, n. - aid, support; reserve troops

subsidy - a grant of money from one government to another or from a government to a private enterprise, a university, a charitable agency, or the like: Colleges and universities depend on federal subsidies for much of their research. Also: subsidiary (giving support; being in a subordinate relationship), subsidiariness, subsidize, subsidization, subsidizer. [subsidiarius, subsidiaria, subsidiarium - in reserve; of a reserve; subsido, subsidere, subsedi, subsessus - to sink down; to remain; to lie in ambush]

subvenio, subvenire, subveni, subventus - to come to the aid of, assist, relieve

subvention - 1) money given to support some cause, organization, or institution: An anonymous subvention enabled the school to raise faculty salaries to a competitive level. 2) the providing of such assistance. Also: subvene (to come as a support or a remedy), subventionary. [sub (prep. w/ acc. and abl.) - under; venio, venire, veni, ventus - to come]

succedo, succedere, sucessi, sucessus - go under; ascend; follow, succeed

succedent - following, subsequent: When a genetic mutation makes an individual better equipped for survival than other members of its species, it is more likely than the others to survive and to pass its genes to succedent generations. [successio, successionis, f. - taking the place of another, succeeding; successor, successoris, m. - successor, follower; successus, successus, m. - an advance, approach]

succingo, succingere, succinxi, succinctus - to gird below

succinct - concise, expressed in few words: When writing, don’t be verbose; be as succinct as your purpose allows. Also: succinctness. [cingo, cingere, cinxi, cinctus - to surround; to bind with a belt or girdle, gird] 

sudor, sudoris, m. - sweat, perspiration

sudoriferous - secreting or causing sweat: The sudoriferous effect of stress on people has made deodorants a multi-billion dollar product. Also: sudoriferousness, sudorific (causing sweat). [sudarium, sudari, n. - handkerchief; sudo, sudare, sudavi, sudatus - to sweat, perspire]

suffragium, suffragi, n. - a vote

suffrage - 1) the right to vote: Women’s suffrage became a constitutional right with the passage of the 19th Amendment in 1920. 2) a prayer, especially of intercession; 3) a supporting vote. Also: suffragette (woman who advocates the right of women to vote), suffragist (a person, male or female, who advocates the right of women to vote). [suffragatio, suffragationis, f. - a voting in support of; support; suffragator, suffragatoris, m. - a supporting voter; suffragor, suffragari, suffragatus - to vote for; to support]

sum, esse, fui, futurus - to be

entity - an individual thing that exists: Who can comprehend, or even imagine, all the entities of mind and matter? 

sumo, sumere, sumpsi, sumptus - to take

consumptive - (adj.) 1) consuming, wasteful: Our consumptive society desperately needs to recycle, but not all of us do. 2) of or pertaining to tuberculosis; (n.) a person who has tuberculosis. Also: consumption (consuming; being consumed; tuberculosis). [consumo, consumere, consumpsi, consumptus - to spend; to use up; to waste; consumptio, consumptionis, f. - a wasting, consumption] 

presumptive - 1) based on probability; 2) giving reason for belief: Resisting arrest can be regarded as presumptive evidence of guilt. Also: presumptuous (taking too much for granted; acting without permission; too bold), presumptuousness. [praesumo, praesumere, praesumpsi, praesumptus - to enjoy beforehand; to take for granted] 

sumptuous - very expensive; lavish; rich; splendid: The garden party was characterized by a sumptuous array of food, drink, and flowers. Also: sumptuousness. [sumptuosus, sumptuosa, sumptuosum - expensive; lavish] 

unassuming - not putting on airs; modest; not presumptuous; retiring: Despite requests from publishers around the world that he write an autobiography, the unassuming Einstein wrote only a few pages, entitled "Autobiographical Notes," for which he accepted no reimbursement. [adsumo, adsumere, adsumpsi, adsumptus - to take to oneself; to claim] 

supercilium, supercili, n. - eyebrow

supercilious - arrogant; haughty and contemptuous; disdainful: A supercilious man has only one unpaid advocate, himself; of course, mutatis mutandis, this applies to women, too. 

superfluo, superfluere - to overflow

superfluous - more than enough: If you were constructing an artificial language, like Esperanto, you would restrict the rules of grammar to a necessary few and avoid superfluous words, i.e., synonyms. Also: superfluity, superfluousness. [superfluus, superflua, superfluum - overflowing; superfluous] 

supernus, superna, supernum - upper, top

supernal - having to do with the heavens or the sky; heavenly; celestial: Many religions tell of gods and goddesses who leave their supernal dwellings in order to associate with humans on earth. 

supero, superare, superavi, superatus - to surpass, defeat

insuperable - that cannot be overcome: The lack of pitching depth proved to be an insuperable obstacle in the second half of the season. Also: insuperability, superability, superable (that can be overcome). [insuperabilis, insuperabile - insurmountable, unconquerable; superabilis, superabile - conquerable, surmountable] 

supra (adv. and prep. w/ acc.) - above; beyond

supranational - outside or beyond national limitations: The European Union, with its single currency, is a significant step in a supranational direction. Also: supranationalism, supranationality (the state of being supranational).

surgo, surgere, surrexi, surrectus - to rise; to stand up

insurgent - rebellious, rising in revolt: The insurgent forces have fought their way across the river and now pose an immediate threat to the palace. Also: insurgence (a rising in revolt), insurgency (the quality or state of being insurgent). [insurgo, insurgere, insurrexi, insurrectus - to rise up; to gather force] 

insurrection - a rebellion, a rising in revolt against established authority: During the insurrection, forces on both sides are said to have fired at innocent bystanders. Also: insurrection (rebellion), insurrectional (having to do with insurrection), insurrectionary (insurrectional, insurrectionist), insurrectionism, insurrectionist (a rebel), insurrectionize (to cause insurrection). [insurgo, cf. insurgent] 

resurgence - the act of rising again; a rising again: The resurgence of classical styles in literature, art, and architecture in 17th- and 18th-century Europe and America is called Neoclassicism. Also: resurge, resurgent. [resurgo, resurgere, resurrexi, resurrectus - to rise again, appear again]

Moutoux, Latin Derivatives 

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