Diagramming Sentences

Sentence Diagrams

~ One Way of Learning English Grammar ~

Sentences from the United States Constitution

Amendment 8: Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.
Lesson 9: Sometimes we omit words when we speak or write, with no loss of meaning because our listeners and readers are able to supply the omitted words mentally; such words are said to be "understood." In the sentence above, shall be is understood; the apparent non-clauses, excessive fines imposed and cruel and unusual punishments inflicted are actually clauses. By the insertion of shall be, the past participles imposed and inflicted are converted mentally to finite verbs in the future tense, passive voice. In a sentence diagram, each omitted word is represented by an x.
Apologia pro descriptione mea: I know of no way to diagram Amendment 8  without the use of x's. In the skeletal, incorrect diagram below, each of the subjects is associated with all three verbs; moreover, nor plus not is, of course, a double negative. Converting this diagram to sentence form, we get nonsense: bail nor fines nor punishments shall not be required, imposed, inflicted. 
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